SPCC stands for Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure. The need for
an SPCC Plan relates to the storage of oil (defined by EPA generally as petroleum
products but also include transformer oil, hydraulic oil, quenching oil and
cooking oil) and the ability of your facility to protect against the discharge
of oil to a receiving water body (EPA defines this as a “navigable water”).
Simply put, an SPCC Plan is required for facilities which due to their location,
could reasonably be expected to discharge oil to surface water or adjoining
shorelines and have:
- Total aboveground storage capacity of 1,320 gallons or more of oil;
- Aboveground storage in a single container with a capacity greater than
660 gallons or
- A total oil underground storage capacity of 42,000 gallons or more.
If under a “worst case scenario” a release of oil could reach a
nearby storm water catch basin and ultimately reach a wetland, creek, stream
or other water body, EPA will likely require you to have an SPCC Plan (assuming
you meet the storage threshold volumes noted above). The easiest way to visualize
a “worst case scenario” is to think of a release of all the oil
that is stored at your facility during a thunderstorm event. If oil can reach
a water body during these release conditions, oil from your facility has the
potential of reaching a water body and, therefore, you must comply with SPCC
You might also be asking yourself what to do if an oil discharge occurs (for
example, causing a film, sheen or other discoloration of the water) from your
facility? EPA has specific notification and reporting requirements in the event
of an environmental release.
Continue on through this section of the EVC to learn more about SPCC requirements.